What is an urbano land in Spain?
What is an urbanizable land in Spain?
What is a no urbanizable land in Spain?
What are the differences?
In this post we explain the differences between the different types of terrains.
In case you still do not know us, let us introduce ourselves.
We are ERA architects, one of the creative architecture studios in Barcelona.
In this post you can find our simple explanation of the types of terrain.
The first thing you should know is that the land is differentiated by 3 types according to its urban plan and purpose:
It is a suitable land for building according to urban planning and territorial planning.
It has a minimal urbanization (street, sidewalk, sewer and lampposts).
Also with other basic connections such as water and electricity.
There are 3 categories of urban land:
• Consolidated (the center of a city)
• Urbanized (new urbanization with streets laid but no buildings)
Generally unbuilt land (without street, sidewalk, sewer and / or basic services of water and electricity)
Even so, they are open to the possibility of urbanization with the objective of absorbing the foreseeable growth of the city.
That is to say that in order for the city to grow, some land considered strategic because of its location, can become buildable (allowing you to build) if you assume the costs of urbanization.
Sometimes, the City can ask for the transfer of some part of the land for the development of public services.
• Ordered: urbanizable land governed by a General Development Plan that defines in detail how it should be built.
• Sectorized: suitable to absorb the growth of the city. The City Council and the territory define the conditions of transformation with a Special Plan
• Non-sectorized: they are not included in any sector or special urban plan
If you are looking for land for your house, you can save on the value of the land by choosing urbanizable over urban.
Even so, you should know that the cost of bringing sewerage, water and electricity can be very expensive since it is something that companies that supply and put prices without competition must execute.
Maybe you’re thinking ‘I do not need to be connected, it will be a self-sufficient house’. I love the idea and I congratulate you for that idea!
In that case you should know that the process is also more complex, uncertain and has more expenses.
In addition you must also assume the expense of enabling access and even the path that arrives.
They are incompatible with urban development, ie there are values that are above the building value.
To procure a territorial model of sustainable urban development, it is forbidden to build on these lands.
For example, in Catalonia, 94% of the surface of the territory is undeveloped land.
In Catalonia there is a Farm Plan.
It is a special plan of the territory where each municipality identifies buildings on undeveloped rustic land to transform them into urban land to promote their reform and development.
Our professional recommendation:
In our Architecture studio in Barcelona ERA architects, we recommend choosing urban and developable land.
Some adventurers have gone to justify rustic lots with ruins of unchecked farms.
This option is very inadvisable because it is a very uncertain process that breaks couples and families who dare to venture…
Esther Rovira Raurell